Stucco has a long tradition as a building material, used widely for exterior and interior wall design in the western world and the Middle East. It was often used both in homes and great buildings such as cathedrals and mosques for decoration. It may be smooth or textured, essentially a combination of an aggregate (mainly sand), a binder such as lime or cement, and water, rendering it a weather-resistant, robust base.You may want to check out Depend Exteriors for more.
As the key binder, the initial combination of lime, sand, and water has given way to those that use cement. Since it encourages the coating to ‘breathe’ and helps seal minor gaps, lime is also used as an additive. For added stability and longevity, newer types can integrate acrylic or glass fibres. This surfacing can be added to stylish and low maintenance exteriors directly over cinder block or brick and even used over wood frame. Within, as an integral colour is applied to the mix at the manufacturer, it may be decorated or coated with wallpaper or used separately.
Before the base coat is added, lath constructed from wood or a metal mesh is fixed to the outside to allow stucco stick to the underlying wood frame structure. The material, which goes damp, as the first layer, can attach to the supporting framework. Wooden construction is covered by felt or paper coated with asphalt, which prevents the wood from the uncured plaster moisture.
The three-step method requires the first coat, accompanied by a second coat named the ‘grey coating’ after a drying time, which gives a seamless surface for the final polish. For a span of a week or so, this extra coating may often need to recover steadily, not allowing it to cure too easily at first. The drying or curing process proceeds until both the shrinking and the subsequent cracking is complete.
After that, the final coat is added. Many of the finishes have the colour incorporated at the manufacturer, which ensures that at the time of construction or in the future, there is no need for painting. If required, the stucco can be painted with a solution centred on cement, which does not conflict with the stucco’s vapour permeability. For both the stucco and the interior of the house, it is essential that the finish is not a full seal that will trap moisture in the building materials.
It gets stiff and fragile as the base dries. Acrylic applied to the blend makes it less probable that the wrapping would chip and break. The side may look like a ‘old country’, quite smooth, or can be ‘floated’ to allow the sand to appear on the surface. It can also be sanded or trolled for the swirls for an extra glossy finish and stippling sometimes found on interior ceilings or home exteriors.